The laundry process in housekeeping divide into following five stages
- Pre washing
This is the first step of the loundry process in housekeeping, in pre-washing stage following steps included
Collecting and sorting soiled linen
The GRA removes linens from bed and bathroom areas and places them directly into the laundry bag on the maid’s cart. Soiled clothing should be tied in a corner for easier sorting. Dirty laundry should be sent to the laundry as soon as possible to prevent staining. In many hotels, dirty linen is sent to the laundry room to be sorted, counted and recorded before being sent to the laundry. If an external laundry service is used.
Transporting soiled linen to the laundry
Large hotels have a laundry chute that runs the full height of the building down to the floor and laundry sorting area.
- Following point kept in mind while doing this stage
- The degree of soiling is the first check. Dirty laundry is divided into the categories of soiled, unsoiled, heavily soiled, moderately soiled and heavily soiled laundry items.
- Articles are further sorted by color and dye fastness. They are then re-sorted by fiber type.
- Sheets that need repairs are separated and sent to the tailor for repair before washing.
- If the item to be patched is heavily soiled, it is first washed and patched.
- Mono programming of new linen should be done prior to washing to control theft and facilitate identification.
- Discarded clothing is sorted and cut before washing.
- Light clothing is separated, because they lose their shine and wear out. You can no longer be offered a VIPs in the hotel.
- All fancy accessories and accessories such as buttons, buckles, rings, etc. are removed from the clothes to be washed.
- All pockets are emptied and all folds checked.
Weighing and loading
Once items are sorted, they are weighed dry. This is necessary as each washing machine has specific loading instructions that must be followed. Weighing is also useful for measuring the productivity of laundry workers.
Whatever type of machine is used, it should be operated according to the manufacturer’s instructions for maximum efficiency. Temperatures, wash times and processing chemicals vary depending on the type of fabrics being washed.
The typical wash cycle consist of following nine steps
Flush (half& minutes to 3 minutes) – This dissolves and dilutes water soluble salts to reduce the dirt load for subsequent foaming steps. Items are typically washed at medium heat with high water levels.
Break ( 4 – 10 minutes) – A high alkalinity break-up (soil removal) product is added, which may be followed by additional washes. The break cycle is usually performed at medium temperature and low water level.
Suds ( 5 – 8 minutes) – This is the actual wash cycle where detergent is added. Items are now moved in hot water with low water levels.
Intermediate rinse / Carryover suds ( 2 – 5 minutes) – This rinse cycle removes dirt and alkalinity to allow the bleach to work more effectively later. Rinse laundry at the same temperature as the suds cycle.
Bleach ( 5 – 8 minutes) – Bleach, if used, is added to hot water when the water level is low. Bleach kills bacteria, lightens fabrics and removes stains.
Rinse ( half and minutes to 3 minutes) – Two or more rinses at medium temperature and high water level are used to remove detergent and dirt from clothes.
Intermediate extract ( half and minutes to 2 minutes) – This high-speed spin removes detergent leftover and dirt from clothes, usually after the first rinse.
Sour/Softener/starch/sizing ( 3 – 5 minutes) – Fabric softener and soura are added to the fabrics. This cycle is performed at medium temperature and low water level. Starches are added to stiffen cotton fabrics.
Final extract ( 2 – 12 minutes ) – A high-speed spin removes most moisture from clothing. The spin time depends on the type of fabric, the power of the spin wheel and the spin speed.
In this step uses hot and cold water, which is usually recovered and recycled during the final rinse from previous steps to save water.
The extraction removes at least 50 percent of the water used in the lifting process, minimizing the weight of the laundry load and preventing deep wrinkles in fabrics. It also shortens the drying time.
This is a last stage of the laundry process in housekeeping In this process following stages included
Items that are dried after hydroextraction typically include towels, washcloths and some non-iron bedding. After drying, the linen must be immediately removed for folding. If folding is delayed wrinkles will set in.
Sheets, pillowcases, table linen and serviettes are inserted directly into the framework iron. The towel does not need to be ironed.
This can be done by hand or machine. Washing and drying items faster than they can be folded leads to unnecessary wrinkling and to re-sorting being required.
After folding, the items are further sorted and stacked. Post-sorting separates odd linen types and sizes in the batch that were missed during pre-sorting.
Fresh, washed laundry is usually transported to the place of use in carts.